On the selection of an appropriate excavation pattern for urban tunnels with big cross-section: A case study

Document Type : Research Paper


1 The Alborz Tunnel site, General Mechanic Contracting Co., Alborz, Iran

2 School of Mining Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD candidate, Colorado School of Mines, USA


Among various practical measures used for restriction of the ground surface settlement in such tunnels driven in soft ground, selection of an appropriate excavation method plays a significant role. In this paper, employing suggested diagram by Yu & Chern, corresponding values of Niayesh tunnel has been inserted into the diagram. Later, two excavation methods namely: central diaphragm and side drift methods have been suggested and numerically modeled using Finite Difference Method. Side drift excavation pattern has finally been selected since it causes less settlement. To reach an optimized selection of excavation sequence through side drift method, seven excavation patterns have thus been recommended and numerically modeled. Results have revealed that the first pattern causes the least amount of settlement. Consequently, the aforementioned excavation pattern has finally been considered as an appropriate excavation pattern encompassing optimum excavation sequence for Niayesh tunnel.


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