Hydrograph Modeling Using SGSim: A Case Study of Behbahan Aquifer, Southwest of Iran

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 M.Sc., Mineral Exploration Engineering, School of Mining Engineering, University College of Engineering, University of Tehran

2 Assistant professor, Simulation & Data Processing Laboratory, School of Mining Engineering, University College of Engineering, University of Tehran

Abstract

Hydrograph modeling and prediction of groundwater levels are the main concerns of most hydrogeological calculations and water resource management process. The present study is an application of Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGSim) method for predicting groundwater levels using recorded monthly data (180 months) related to 21 piezometers of Behbahan aquifer, southwest of Iran. To generate realization maps through SGSim method, data were transferred to Gaussian distribution and then simulated 10 times for each month. Then, E_Type maps were produced to obtain hydrograph of interest. Finally, the iterative Box and Jenkins method was used to model the obtained hydrograph. The capability of the resulted ARIMA (0, 1, 1) model was examined by calculating coefficient of determination (R2) and estimated root mean squared error (RMSE). For the obtained model, R2 and RMSE were equal to 0.79 and 1.93, respectively. Drawing on the obtained hydrograph, it can be concluded that there is a significant decrease in groundwater level in the plain for upcoming months.

Keywords